POLA SEBARAN IKAN PELAGIS DAN KONDISI OSEANOGRAFI DI WILAYAH PENGELOLAAN PERIKANAN NEGARA REPUBLIK INDONESIA 715 (WPP NRI 715) PADA MUSIM PERALIHAN BARAT

Asep Ma'mun, Asep Priatna, Herlisman Herlisman

Abstract



Nelayan penangkap ikan yang efektif membutuhkan informasi sumberdaya ikan dan pola penyebarannya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pola sebaran sumber daya ikan yang dikaitkan dengan kondisi oseanografi WPP-NRI 715. Analisis dilakukan berdasarkan kombinasi metode hidroakustik dan profiling CTD pada stasiun oseanografi yang dirancang secara parallel pada jarak tertentu di lintasan tersebut. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan, estimasi ukuran ikan pelagis yang terdeteksi didominasi oleh ukuran kecil. Ikan pelagis kecil yang terdeteksi didominasi ukuran ikan antara 12-14 cm dan ikan pelagis besar ukuran ikan 28-31 cm. Kepadatan ikan pelagis kecil cenderung menurun dengan rerata faktor 0,4 dengan bertambahnya kedalaman, sebaliknya meningkat dengan rerata faktor 1,7 untuk ikan pelagis besar. Pada saat observasi, dikawasan perairan Laut Maluku bagian timur diindikasikan terjadinya upwelling ditandai dengan suhu rendah, salinitas tinggi, dan klorofil tinggi. Ikan pelagis besar lebih banyak ditemukan pada lokasi yang memiliki karakteristik suhu dan DO yang relatif lebih tinggi sedangkan salinitas lebih rendah dibandingkan dengan lapisan air yang didominasi ikan pelagis kecil. Informasi pola sebaran ikan pelagis ini diharapkan dapat dijadikan rujukan bagi pelaku perikanan tangkap dan masukan untuk bahan perumusan kebijakan pengelolaan perikanan tangkap yang berkelanjutan.

Effective commercial fishers need information on fish resources and their distribution pattern. This study aims to determine distribution of fish resources in Indonesian FMA 715 through tracking hydroacoustic method and CTD profiling at stations within regular distances. The results showed that the estimated size of pelagic fish was dominated by small size fish groups. Small pelagic fish were detected at the size ranged between 12-14 cm and large pelagic fish was dominated by the size of 28-31cm. The density of small pelagic fish decreases with depth with average factor of 0.4, while the large pelagic fish with average factor of 1.7.  An indicated upwelling incidence was likely occurred in the eastern part of Mollucas sea region, which were characterized by the low temperature, high salinity and high chlorophyll concentrations. Large pelagic fish were more occasionally found in locations with relatively higher temperature, DO characteristics and lower salinity compared with small pelagic fish. Information on the distribution pattern of pelagic fish is expected to be used as a reference for capture fishermen and inputs in formulating the policy the sustainable fisheries management.


Keywords


Sebaran; ikan pelagis; hidroakustik; oseanografi; WPP NRI 715

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15578/jppi.24.3.2018.197-208


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