VARIASI GENETIK TIGA POPULASI IKAN NILA ( Oreochromis niloticus ) BERDASARKAN POLIMORFISME mt-DNA

Otong Zenal Arifin, Titin Kurniasih

Abstract


Penelitian untuk mengevaluasi keragaman genetik tiga populasi ikan nila telah dilakukan di Balai Riset Perikanan Budidaya Air Tawar, Bogor. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan informasi variasi genetik ikan nila populasi GET, GIFT, dan nila Danau Tempe sebagai informasi dasar bagi program seleksi karakter kuantitatif. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa ikan nila GET, GIFT, dan nila Danau Tempe memiliki keragaman genetik yang tinggi dengan nilai haplotype diversity berturut-turut sebesar 0,7579; 0,5895; dan 0,5333. Jarak genetik terdekat terdapat antara ikan nila GIFT dan nila Danau Tempe, sedangkan jarak genetik terjauh terdapat pada ikan nila GET dengan populasi Danau Tempe.

Research on evaluating genetic diversity between three populations of nile tilapia ( Oreochromis niloticus ) was conducted at Research Institute for Freshwater Aquaculture, Bogor. This research aimed to obtain preliminary information related with the genetic diversity of GET, GIFT, and Tempe Lake tilapia, which will be used as basic information for the future selective breeding program. Result showed that GET, GIFT, and Tempe Lake tilapia have high haplotype diversity of 0.7579, 0.5895, and 0.5333 respectively. The closest genetic distance was found between GIFT and Tempe Lake tilapia, while the farthest genetic distance was observed between GET and the Tempe Lake population.


Keywords


nile tilapia; mt-DNA; genetic diversity; polymorphism

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15578/jra.2.1.2007.67-75


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