PENGARUH KEPADATAN TERHADAP SINTASAN, PERTUMBUHAN, DAN GAMBARAN DARAH BENIH IKAN BETUTU Oxyeleotris marmorata

Tri Heru Prihadi, Adang Saputra, Gleni Hasan Huwoyon, Brata Pantjara

Abstract


Ikan betutu Oxyeleotris marmorata merupakan ikan lokal potensial menjadi komoditas budidaya. Performa pertumbuhan dan sintasan dapat ditingkatkan dengan mengoptimalkan padat tebar. Tujuan penelitian adalah menentukan padat tebar yang menghasilkan sintasan dan pertumbuhan tinggi, serta respons fisiologis terbaik. Kolam yang digunakan berukuran 2 m x 1 m x 1 m dan diisi air 1 m3. Perlakuan yang diuji adalah kepadatan 50 ekor/m3, 100 ekor/m3, dan 150 ekor/m3. Ukuran benih yang digunakan 4,24 ± 0,58 cm dengan bobot 2,74 ± 0,45 g. Selama 60 hari masa pemeliharaan, pakan yang diberikan adalah cacing sutra Tubifex sp. secara sekenyangnya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sintasan benih ikan betutu yang dipelihara pada berbagai padat tebar tidak berbeda secara nyata, pertumbuhan spesifik panjang (1,50 ± 0,37%/hari) dan bobot total benih ikan betutu (1,95 ± 0,32%/hari) tertinggi, dan perubah respons fisiologis berupa gambaran darah paling stabil dicapai pada padat tebar 50 ekor/m3, serta biomassa tertinggi dicapai pada kepadatan 150/m3. Hasil penelitian ini dapat dijadikan informasi dasar untuk melakukan pendederan ikan betutu secara terkontrol.

Sand goby, Oxyeleotris marmorata is a potential fish species for aquaculture in Indonesia. However, the growth performance and survival rate of the fish seed are still low. Such challenges could be solved through the optimization of stocking density of the fish. The research objective was to determine the optimal stocking density to produce high growth and survival rate, as well as the best physiological response. The ponds used in this experiment were 2 m x 1 m x 1 m in size (water volume: 1 m3). The stocking density treatments were 50, 100, and 150 individual/m3. The initial fish length average was 4.24 ± 0.58 cm, with the initial body weight average of 2.74 ± 0.45 g. During 60 days of rearing period, the fish were fed with Tubifex sp. ad libitum. The results showed that the survival rates on different stocking densities were not significantly different. The highest specific growth on length (1.50 ± 0.37%/day) and body weight total (1.95 ± 0.32%/day) and the most stable physiological response related to its hematological parameters were achieved by seed stocked at 50 individuals/m3. The best biomass total was achieved by seed stocked at 150 individuals/m3. The result of this study could be applied as basic information to culture sand goby in a controlled environment.


Keywords


kepadatan; sintasan; pertumbuhan; ikan betutu; Oxyleotris marmorata; stocking density; survival rate; growth; sand goby, Oxyeleotris marmorata

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15578/jra.12.4.2017.341-350


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