Pratiwi Lestari, R.J.G Lester, Craig Proctor


Tuna fish are highly migratory species. Clarifying their stock structures and migration patterns is important for tuna fisheries management. The purpose of this research was to examine the parasites of bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus) and yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) to determine which parasites may be potential stock markers for assessment of tuna migration patterns. Bigeye tuna and yellowfin tuna were collected (measured between 28-48 cm fork length) from 9 sites across Indonesia and from 2 ‘outlier sites’ (The Maldives and Solomon Islands). Organs including gills (filaments and branchial arches), stomach wall, liver, pyloric caeca, and intestines were examined. Seven types of didymozoids were distinguished including 3 Didymosulcus spp., 4 Kollikeria spp. and one acanthocephalan (Bolbosoma sp.). The results suggest these fish parasites are potentially useful markers for assessment of tuna migration pattern, contributing information needed for fisheries management in Indonesia.


parasites; stock markers; Indonesia

Full Text:



Bailey, R. E., Margolis, L. & Groot, C. (1988). Estimating stock composition of migrating juvenile Fraser River sockeye salmon, Oncorhynchus nerka, using parasites as natural tags. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 45, 586–591.

Begg, G.A. & Waldman, J.R. (1999). An holistic approach to fish stock identification. Fish. Res. 43, 35–44.

Butorina, T. E. & Shedko, M. B. (1989). The use of parasites as indicators for differentiation of sockeye salmon fry in Lake Azabache (Kamchatka). Parazitologiya 23, 302–308.

Dammannagoda, S.T., Hurwood, D.A., & Mather, P.B. (2008). Evidence for fine geographical scale heterogeneity in gene frequencies in yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacores) from the north Indian Ocean around Sri Lanka. Fish. Res. 90, 147-157.

Fraile, I., Murua, I., Zudaire, H., Arrizabalaga, H. & Rooker, J. (2013). Discrimination of yellowfin tuna from putative nurseries of the Western Indian Ocean. IOTC-2013-WPTT15-36.

Gibson, D. I. (1972). Flounder parasites as biological tags. J. Fish. Biol. 4, 1–9.

Harley, S., Davies, N., Hampton, J. & McKechnie, S. (2014). Stock assessment of bigeye tuna in the western and central Pacific Ocean, Paper submitted to 10th session of Scientific Committee of Western and Central Pacific Tuna Comission, WCPFC- SC10-2014/SA-WP-01, 115 pp.

Hoyle, S., Kolody, D. & Nicol, S. (2013). Analyses of tagging data for tropical tunas, with implications for the structure of WCPO bigeye stock assessment. Paper submitted to 9th Session of Scientific Committee of Western and Central Pacific Tuna Comission. WCPFC-SC9-2013/SA-IP-06, 67 pp.

IOTC-SC16. (2013). Report of the 16th Session of the IOTC Scientific Committee. Busan, Rep. of Korea, 2-6, December 2013. IOTC-2013-SC16-R (E); 312pp.

Lester, R. J.G. (1990). Reappraisal of the use of parasites for fish stock identification. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 41, 855–864.

Lester R.J.G., Thompson, C., Moss, H. & Barker, S.C. (2001). Movement and stock structure of the narrow-barred Spanish mackerel as indicated by parasites. J. Fish Biol. 59, 833–842.

MacKenzie, K., Campbell, N., Mattiucci, S., Ramos, P., Pinto, A.L. & Abaunza, P. (2008). Parasites as biological tags for stock identification of Atlantic horse mackerel Trachurus trachurus L. Fish. Res. 89, 136–145.

MacKenzie, K. & Abaunza, P. (1998). Parasites as biological tags for stock discrimination of marine fish: a guide to procedures and methods. Fish. Res. 38, 45–56.

Mackenzie, K. (1990). Cestode parasites as biological tags for mackerel (Scomber scombrus L.), in the Northeast Atlantic. J. Cons. Int. Explor. Mer. 46, 155–166.

Mackenzie, K. (1983). Parasites as biological tags in fish population studies. Adv. Appl. Biol. 7, 251–331.

McGladdery, S. E. & Burt, M. D. B. (1985). Potential of parasites for use as biological indicatorsof migration, feeding, and spawning behavior of Northwestern Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus). Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 42, 1957–1968.

Moser, M. & Hsieh, J. (1992). Biological tags for stock separation in pacific herring Clupea harengus pallasi in California. J. Parasitol. 78, 54–60.

Noble, G.A. (1975). Description of Nematobibothrioides histoidii (Noble, 1974) (Trematoda: Didymozoidae) and comparison with other genera. J. Parasitol. 61, 224-227.

Nugraha, B., Novianto, D. & Barata, A. (2011). Keragaman genetic ikan tuna matabesar (Thunnu sobesus) di SamuderaHindia. [Genetic diversity of bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus) in Indian Ocean]. Indonesian Fish. Res. J. 17 (4), 285-292. (In Bahasa with English abstract)

Perdiguero-Alonso, D. (2008). Potential use of helminth parasites in stock identification of flying squid, Ommastrephes bartrami, in North Pacific waters. Can. J. Zool. 69, 1124–1126.

Pozdnyakov, S. E. & Gibson, D. I. (2008). Family Didymozoidae Monticelli, 1888. In: R. A. Bray, D. I. Gibson, & A. Jones (Eds.), Keys to the Trematoda. Vol. 3. Wallingford: CABI Publishing and Natural History Museum, pp. 631–734.

Sinderman, C. J. (1961). Parasite tags for marine fish. J. Wildl. Manag. 25, 41–47.

Swaraj, P.K., Kumar, G., Menezes, M.R. & Meena, R.M. (2013). Mitochondrial DNA analysis reveals three stocks of yellowfin tuna Thunnus albacores (Bonnaterre, 1788) in Indian waters. Conserv. Genet. 14, 205-213.

Wells R.J.D., Rooker, J.R. & Itano, D.G. (2012). Nursery origin of yellowfin tuna in the Hawaiian Islands. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 461, 187-196.

Wickings, J. F. & MacFarlane, I. S. (1973). Some differences in the parasitic fauna of 3 samples of plaice (Pleuronectes platessa L.) from the southern North Sea. J. Fish. Biol. 5, 9–19.

Williams, E. & Williams, L.B. (1996). Parasites of Offshore Big Game Fishes of Puerto Rico and the western Atlantic. University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez.


Creative Commons License
Indonesian Fisheries Research Journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
View My Stats
p-ISSN 0853-8980
e-ISSN 2502-6569

Find in a library with WorldCatCrossref logoSHERPA/RoMEO Logogoogle scholardoaj