Isa Nagib edrus, Muhammad Abrar Abrar


Infrastructure development in the particular sites of  Seribu Islands as well as those in main land of Jakarta City increased with coastal population this phenomenon is likely to increase the effects to the adjacent coral waters of Seribu Islands.  Chemical pollutants, sedimentation, and domestic wastes are the common impact and threatening, the survival of coral reef ecosystem. Coral reef resiliences naturaly remained on their processes under many influences of supporting factors. One of the major factor is the role of reef fish functional groups on controling algae growth to recolonize coral juveniles. The  aim of this study to obtain data of a herbivory and other fish functional groups of reef fishes in the Pari Islands that are resilience indicators, or that may indicate the effectiveness of management actions. A conventional scientific approach on fish diversity and abundance data gathering was conducted by the underwater visual cencus. Diversity values of the reef fish functional groups, such as the abundance of individual fish including species, were collected and tabulated by classes and weighted as a baseline to understand the resilience of coral reed based on Obura and Grimsditch (2009) techniques. The results succesfully identified several fish functional groups such as harbivores (21 species), carnivores (13 species) and fish indicator (5 species) occurred in the area. Regarding the aspects of fish density and its diversity, especially herbivorous fish functional group, were presumably in the state of rarely available to support the coral reef resiliences. Resilience indices ranged from 1 (low level) to 3 (moderate level) and averages of the quality levels ranged from 227 to 674. These levels were inadequate to support coral reef recolonization.


Resiliences; reef fishes; Pari Islands

Full Text:



Amesbury, S. S. (1981). Effects of turbidity on shallow-water reef fish assemblages in Truk, Eastern Caroline Islands. Proceedings of the Fourth International Coral Reef Symposium (p. 155-159), Manilla.

Bachtiar, I., Damar, A., Suharsono., & Zamani, N.P. (2011). Assessing Ecological Resilience of Eastern Indonesian Coral Reefs. Journal of Indonesia Coral Reefs, 1(2), 91-98.

Berkepile, D.E., & Hay, M.E. (2008). Herbivore species richness and feeding complementarity affect community structure and function on a coral reef. PNAS 105, 16.201–16.206.

Casey, J. (2012). From Australia to Belize: Students study reef fish behavior. http://news.sewanee.edu/academics/2012/07/13/from-australia-to-belize-students-study-reef-fish-behavior.

Casey, J.M., Choat, J. H., & Connolly, S. R.(2015). Coupled dynamics of territorial damselfishes and juvenile corals on the reef crest. Coral Reefs, 34, 1–11.

Ceccarelli, D.M. (2007). Modiûcation of benthic communities by territorial damselûsh: A multi-species comparison. Coral Reefs, 26, 853–866.

Choat, J.H. (1991). The Biology of Herbivorous Fshes on Coral Reefs. In Sale, P (Ed.) The Ecology of FIshes on Coral Reefs (p. 120). San Diego: Academic Press, Inc.

Edrus, I.N., & Syam. A.R. (1998). Sebaran Ikan Hias Suku Chaetodontidae di Perairan Karang Pulau Ambon dan Peranannya dalam Penentuan Kondisi Terumbu Karang. Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan Indonesia, 4 (3), 1 – 12.

English, S., Wilkinson, C., & Baker, V. (1994). Survey Manual for Tropical Marine Resources (p. 74).Townsville. Australia : Australian Institute of Marine Science.

Froese, R., & Pauly D. (2014). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org, version (04/2014).

Graham, N.A.J., Wilson, S.K., Jennings, S., Polunin, N.P.C., Bijoux, J.P., & Robinson, J. (2006). Dynamic fragility of oceanic coral reef ecosystems. In Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103, 8425–8429.

Green, A.L., & Bellwood, D.R. (2009). Monitoring functional groups of herbivorous reef fishes as indicators of coral reef resilience. In A practical guide for coral reef managers in the Asia Pacific region (p. 70). Gland, Switzerland : IUCN working group on Climate Change and Coral Reefs.

Grimsditch, G.D., & Salm, R.V. (2006). Coral Reef Resilience and Resistance to Bleaching. (p. 56) Gland, Switzerland: The World Conservation Union - IUCN.

Halford, A.,Cheal, A.J., Ryan, D.A.J., & Williams, D.M. (2004). Resilience to large-scale disturbance in coral and Fish assemblages on the Great Barrier Reef. Ecology, 85, 1892–1905.

Hata, H., & Kato, M. (2004). Monoculture and mixed-species algal farms on a coral reef are maintained through intensive and extensive management by damselûshes. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 313, 285–296.

Hughes, T. P., Rodrigues, M. J., Bellwood, D. R., Ceccarelli, D., Guldberg O. H., McCook, L., Moltschniwskyj, N., & Pratchett, M. S. (2007). Phase Shifts, Herbivory, and the Resilience of Coral Reefs to Climate Change. Curent Biology, 17, 360-365.

Jones, GP., & Syms, C. (1998). Disturbance, habitat structure and the ecology of fishes on coral reefs. Aust. J. Ecol. 23, 287–297.

Jones, G.P., McCormick, M.I., Srinivasan, M., & Eagle, J.V. (2004). Coral decline threatens fish biodiversity in marine reserves. Proc Natl. Acad Sci USA 101, 8251–8253.

Klumpp. D.W., & Polunin, N.V.C. (1989). Partitioning among grazers offood resources within damselûsh territories on a coral reef. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 125, 145–169.

Kuiter, R.H., & Tonozuka,T. (2001). Pictorial Guide to: Indonesian Reef Fishes. Seaford VIC 3198 (p. 895). Australia: Zoonetics Publc.

Letourneur, Y., Galzin, R., & Vivien, M.H. (1997). Temporal variations in the diet of the damselfish Stegastes nigricans (Facepe ‘de) on a Re ´union fringing reef. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 217, 1–18.

Mallela, J., Roberts, C., Harrod, C., & Goldspink, C. R. (2007). Distributional patterns and community structure of Caribbean coral reef fishes within a river-impacted bay. Journal of Fish Biology, 70, 523-537.

Manthachitra, V., & Cheevaporn, V. (2007). Reef fish and coral assemblages at Maptaput, Rayong Province. Songklanakarin J. Sci. Technol. 29(4), 907-918.

Maynard, J.A., Marshall, P.A., Johnson, J.E., & Harman, S. (2010). Building resilience into practical conservation: identifying local management responses to global climate change in the southern Great Barrier Reef. Coral Reefs, 29, 381–391.

Obura, D., & Grimsditch, G. (2009). Resilience Assessment of Coral Reefs Rapid assessment protocol for coral reefs, focusing on coral bleaching and thermal stress. In IUCN Working Paper Series 5 (p. 71). Gland, Switzerland: IUCN Resilience Science Group.

Pratchett, M.S. (2005). Dietary overlap among coral-feeding butterflyfishes (Chaetodontidae) at Lizard Island, northern Great Barrier Reef. Marine Biology, 148, (2), 373-382.

Reese, E. (1981). Predation on corals by fishes of the family Chaetodontidae: implication for conservation and management of coral reef ecosystem. Bulletin of Marine Science, 31 (3), 594-604.

Sadovy, Y., A.E. Punt, A.E., Cheung, W., Vasconcellos, M., Suharti, S., & Mapstone, B.D. (2007). Stock assessment approach for the Napoleon fish, Cheilinus undulatus, in Indonesia. A tool for quota-setting for data-poor fisheries under CITES Appendix II non-detriment finding requirements. In Fisheries Circular No. 1023 (71 pp). Rome: FAO.

Sandin, S.A., & McNamara, D.E. (2012). Spatial dynamics of benthic competition on coral reefs. Ecologia, 168, 1079–1090.

Suprapto, Kembaren, D., & Lestari, P. (2011). Kondisi Lingkungan Perairan Teluk Jakarta. In : Sumberdaya Ikan di Perairan Teluk Jakarta dan alternatif Pengelolaannya (p147).Suman, A., Wudiato & Sumiono, B. (Eds). Bogor: IPB Press.

Terangi, (2007). Buku Terumbu Karang Jakarta. Pengamatan Terumbu Karang Kepulauan Seribu Tahun 2003 – 2007 (p. 106). Jakarta: Yayasan Terangi.

Thibaut, L.M., Connolly, S.R., & Sweatman, P.A. (2008). Diversity and stability of herbivorous fishes on coral reefs. Ecology, 93, 891 – 901.

Wilson, SK., Graham, N.A.J., Pratchett, M., Jones, G.P., & Polunin, N.V.C. (2006). Multiple disturbances and the global degradation of coral reefs: are reef fishes at risk or resilient. Global Change Biol, 12, 2220–2234.

White, J.S.S., & O’Donnell, J.L. (2010). Indirect effects of a key ecosystem engineer alter survival and growth of foundation coral species. Ecology 91, 3538–3548.

Williams, I. D., Nicholas V. C. Polunin, N.V.C., Vicki J. Hendrick, V.J. (2001). Limits to grazing by herbivorous fishes and the impact of low coral cover on macroalgal abundance on a coral reef in Belize. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 222, 187–196.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15578/ifrj.22.2.2016.109-122

Creative Commons License
Indonesian Fisheries Research Journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
View My Stats
p-ISSN 0853-8980
e-ISSN 2502-6569

Find in a library with WorldCatCrossref logoSHERPA/RoMEO Logogoogle scholardoaj