Achmad Zamroni, Tri Ernawati


Short mackerel fish (Rastrelliger brachysoma) is one of small pelagic fish mostly exploited by mini purse seine fishing gear. Exploitation of short mackerel by mini purse seine has an increasing trend every year and suspected to have negative impacts. One of the negative impact is the decrease of fish abundance, so it is necessary to carry out population dynamics and Spawning Potential Ratio (SPR) studies through length-based approach to provide exploitation indicator as biology reference point. The result of length-weight relationship analysis shows that the growth pattern (b = 2.3483) is negative allometry. The estimated length at first capture and its first sexual maturity analysis shows that the value of length at first capture (Lc = 15.4 cm FL) is greater than the length at first sexual maturity (Lm = 15.21 cm FL). The estimated maximum length (L∞) is 21.05 cm FL with growth rates (K) is 1.01 year-1 and t0 at -0.177 years. The estimated total mortality (Z) was 5.48 year-1, natural mortality (M) was 2.02 year-1 and fishing mortality (F) was 3.46 year-1. The predicted exploitation rate (E) is 0.63 which higher than the optimum value (E = 0.5). The estimated length-based SPR (LB-SPR) of 30% (SPR > 20% or above limit) means that short mackerel fishing activity has full exploitation.


Growth parameter; northern Java; short mackerel; spawning potential ratio

Full Text:



Amin, A. M., Sabrah, M. M., El-Ganainy, A., & El-Sayed, A. Y. (2015). Population structure of Indian mackerel, Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier, 1816), from the Suez Bay, Gulf of Suez, Egypt. Int. J. Fish. Aquat. Stud, 3(1), 68-74.

Anonymous, (1985). Report of the Second Working Group Meeting on the Mackerels (Decapterus and Rastrelliger spp.) in the Malacca Strait, 4-9 October 1985, Colombo, Sri Lanka. Bay of Bengal Programme Document. 23 p.

Beyer J, Myhre, L. P., Sundt, R. C., Meier, S., Tollefsen, K. E., Vabo, R., Klungsoyr, J., & Sanni, S. (2012). Environmental risk assessment of alkylphenols from offshore produced water on fish reproduction. Mar. Environ. Res., 75, 2-9.

Boonraksa, V. (1988). Growth, mortality and maximum sustainable yield of the Indo-Pacific mackerel (Rastrelliger brachysoma) off the southwest coast of Thailand. Rome: FAO Fish. Rep, 389, 356-371.

Clark, W. G. W. (2002). F35% revisited ten years later. N. Am. J. Fish. Manag, 22, 251–257.

Directorate General of Capture Fisheries (DGCF). (2016). Statistik Perikanan Tangkap Indonesia Tahun 2016. DJPT. Jakarta

Directorate General of Capture Fisheries (DGCF). (2017). Statistik Perikanan Tangkap Indonesia Tahun 2017. DJPT. Jakarta

Dwiponggo, A., Hariati, T., Atmadja, S. B., Palomares, M. L. D., & Pauly, D. (1986). Growth, mortality and recruitment of commercially important fishes and penaeid shrimps in Indonesian waters. Rome: ICLARM Tech. Rep. 17, 91.

Effendie, I. M. (2002). (In Indonesian) Fsheries biology. Bogor: Yayasan Pustaka Nusantara.

Erzini, K. (1990). Sample size and grouping of data for length-frequency analysis. Fish. Res., 9, 355-366.

Gayanilo, F., Sparre, P., & Pauly, D. (2005). FAO-ICLARM Stock Assessment Tools II (FiSAT II). Revised. User's guide. Computerized Information Series (Fisheries). No. 8. Revised version. Rome: FAO-ICLARM.

Ghosh, S., Rao, M. V. H., Mahesh, V. U., Kumar, M. S., & Rohit, P. (2016). Fishery, reproductive biology and stock status of the Indian mackerel Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier, 1817), landed along the north-east coast of India. Indian J. Fish, 63(2), 33-41.

Gulland, J. A. (1971). Fish Resources of the Ocean. London: Fishing New Books.

Hargiyatno, I. T., Sumiono, B., & Suharyanto, S. (2013). (In Indonesian) Catch rate, stock density and some biological aspect of white prawn (Penaeus merguensis) in Dolak waters, Arafura Seas. Bawal, 5(2), 123-129. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15578/bawal.5.2.2013.123-129

Hariati, T., Suwarso, Wahyono, M. M., & Merta, G. S. 2003. (In Indonesian) Mini purse seine activity in the waters of northern coastal of Java and Sunda strait. Prosiding Hasil-hasil Riset. Pusat Riset Perikanan Tangkap, BRKP-DKP, 1-8.

Hordyk, A. R., Loneragan, N. R., & Prince, J. D. (2015a). An evaluation of an iterative harvest strategy for data-poor fisheries using the length-based spawning potential ratio assessment methodology. Fis. Res., 171, 20-32.

Hordyk, A.R., Ono, K., Valencia, S.R., Loneragan, N.R., & Prince, J. D. (2015b). A novel length-based empirical estimation method of spawning potential ratio (SPR), and tests of its performance, for small scale, data-poor fisheries. ICES J. Mar. Sci., 72, 217-231.

Hordyk, A. R., Ono, K., Sainsbury, K. J., Loneragan, N. & Prince, J.D. (2015c). Some explorations of the life history ratios to describe length composition, spawning-per-recruit, and the spawning potential ratio. ICES J. Mar. Sci., 72, 204 - 216.

Hordyk, A. R., Ono, K., Prince, J. D., & Walters, C. J. (2016). A simple length-structured model based on life history ratios and incorporating size-dependent selectivity: application to spawning potential ratios for data-poor stocks. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 73, 1787-1799.

Karna S. K., & Panda, S. (2011). Growth estimation and length at maturity of a commercially important fish species i. e., Dayscieaena albida (Boroga) in Chilika Lagoon, India. Euro. J. Exp. Bio., 1(2), 8491.

King, M. (2007). Fisheries Biology, Assessment and Management. Second edition. Oxford: Blackwell Sciencetific Publication.

Koolkalya, S., Matchakuea, U., & Jutagate, T. (2017). Growth, population dynamics and optimum yield of indian mackerel, Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier, 1816), in the eastern Gulf of Thailand. IJAT, 13(7.1), 1065-1075.

Lavapie-Gonzales, F., Ganaden, S. R., & Gayanilo-Jr., F. C. (1997). Some population parameters of commercially important fishes in the Philippines. Philippines: Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources.

Moazzam, M., Osmany, H. B., & Zohra, K. (2005). Indian mackerel (Rastrelliger kanagurta) from Pakistan. Some aspects of biology and fisheries. Rec. Zool. Surv. Pakistan, 16, 58-75.

Nurhakim, S. (1993). (In Indonesian) Some reproduction aspek of indian mackerel (Rastrelliger kanagurta) in the Java Sea. Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan Laut, 81, 8-20.

Pauly, D. (1980). On the interrelationships between natural mortality, growth parameters and mean environmental temperature in 175 fish stocks. Journal of Conservation and Exploring Meridien, 39, 175-192.

Paully, D. (1984). Fish population dynamics in Tropical Waters: A Manual for Use With Programable Calculators. Manila: ICLARM.

Potier, M. & Sadhotomo, B. (1995). Exploitation of the large and medium seiners fisheries. In: Potier and Nurhakim (eds): Biodynex. Seminar Biology, Dynamics and Exploitation of small pelagic in Java Sea. AARD/EEC/ ORSTOM, 195 – 214.

Prince, J. D., Hordyk, A. R., Valencia, S. R., Loneragan, N. R., & Sainsbury, K. J. (2015). Revisiting the concept of Beverton–Holt life-history invariants with the aim of informing data-poor fisheries assessment. ICES J. Mar. Sci., 72, 194-203.

Sparre, P., Ursin, E., & Venema, S. C. (1989). Introduction to tropical fish stock assessment. Part 1: manual. FAO Fish. Tech. Paper n. 306.1. Rome, Italy.

Sparre, P., & Venema, S. C. (1992). Introduction to tropical fish stock assessment, Part 1. Manual. FAO (Rev. 1). FAO Fish. Tech. Paper n. 306.1. Rome, Italy.

Sudjastani, T. (1974). The species of Rastrelliger in the Java Sea, their taxonomy, morphometry and population dynamics. United Kingdom, UK: University of British Columbia, Thesis.

Suwarso, S., & Hariati, T. (2003). (In Indonesian) Biology and ecology of small pelagic fish in the northern coast of Java and Sunda Strait. J. Lit Perikan. Ind., 9(7), 29-36. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15578/jppi.9.7.2003.29-36

Suwarso, S., Ernawati, T., & Hariati, T. (2015a). (In Indonesian) Reproductive biology and spawning estimation of short mackerel (Rastrelliger brachysoma) in northern coast of Java. Bawal, 7(1), 9-16. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15578/bawal.7.1.2015.9-16

Suwarso, S., Hariati, T., Zamroni, A., Fauzi, M., Prasetyo, A. P., & Kuswoyo, A. (2015b). Fishery and biology of Indian mackerel (Rastrelliger kanagurta, Scombridae) in Indonesian region of the Bay of Bengal Large Marine Ecosystem. Thailand: Bay of Bengal Large Marine Ecosystem Project, Final Report.

Suwarso, S., & Wujdi, A. (2015). (in Indonesian) Population dynamic and spawning potential ratio of bali sardinella (Sardinella lemuru Bleeker, 1853) in the Prigi Bay, East Java. J. Lit. Perikan. Ind., 21(3), 177-186. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15578/jppi.21.3.2015.177-186

Trippel, E. A., Kjesbu, O. S., & Solemial, P. (1997). Effect of adult age and size structure on reproductive output in marine fishes. In R. Christopher Chamber and Edward A. Trippel (eds.) Early life history and recruitment in fish populations. Chapman and Hall: Fish and fisheries series 21, 31-62.

Udupa, K. S. (1986). Statistical method of estimating the size at first maturity in fishes. ICLARM, Metro Manila, Fishbyte, 4(2), 8-10.

Walters, C. J., & Martell, S. J. D. (2004). Fisheries Ecology and Management. Princeton, USA: Princeton University Press.

Widodo, J. (1988). Population Dynamics and Management of Ikan layang (Decapterus spp) (Carangidae) in the Java Sea. Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan Laut, 47, 11-44.

Woodhams, J., Stobutzki, I., Vieira, S., Curtotti, R., & Begg, G. A. (2011). Fishery status reports 2010: status of fish stocks and fisheries managed by the Australian Gov. Canberra, AUS: ABARES.

Zamroni, A., Suwarso, S., & Mukhlis, N. A. (2008). (In Indonesian) Reproductive biology and population genetic of short mackerel (Rastrelliger brachysoma, Famili SCOMBRIDAE) in the northern coast of Java. J. Lit Perikan Ind., 14(2), 215-226. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15578/jppi.14.2.2008.215-226

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15578/ifrj.25.1.2019.1-10

Creative Commons License
Indonesian Fisheries Research Journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
View My Stats
p-ISSN 0853-8980
e-ISSN 2502-6569

Find in a library with WorldCatCrossref logoSHERPA/RoMEO Logogoogle scholardoaj