Thomas Mahulette, Andarias Steward Samusamu


Southwest Moluccas or Maluku Barat Daya (MBD) District is one of the small islands located in the southeastern part of outer ring of Indonesian Archipelagic States. There are 17 sub districts covering 48 islands lie scattered in the region in which 31 islands among them were not inhabited. The island has a total population of about 72.300, while 4.069 (5.6 %) are fisherman. The annual fish production in 2017 was reported at 8,971 tons consists of: small pelagic fish (48%), demersal (37%), and large pelagic (15%). The coastal ecosystems include of coral reefs (595 Ha), mangrove (7.8 Ha), and sea grass (57 Ha). Seaweed harvesting and cultivation are ones that would be developed as an alternate livelihood for the community. The goal of this research was to describe a general situation of community livelihood that supported by the role of marine fisheries. The general description of fishing boat and fishing gear, annual production, distribution of fisherman and household around the islands were discussed. The fisheries category were small scale within about one day fishing. The environmental parameters such as monthly air temperature, rainfall and wind speed were plotted as supporting information. The population distribution and fisherman were also used as a base line parameter to elaborate the potential of marine living resource in the interested area. Those resources were described with existing small scale fisheries issues based on limited serial data that gathered through field observation. The secondary data such as Mollucas Southwest District (MBD) annual data from the Local Statistical Board (BPS) annual report were also used in this paper.


Small Island; marine living resources; southwest Moluccas

Full Text:



Anonimous, (2018). Global fishing watch.

BPS Maluku. (2018). Fisheries company directory of Moluccas Province. 32 p.

BPS Maluku. (2019). Moluccas Province in Figures 2018. 792 p.

BPS MBD, (2010). Southwest Molluccas Regency in Figure of 2009. BPS MBD. 209 p.

BPS MBD, (2011). Southwest Molluccas Regency in Figure of 2010. BPS MBD. 293 p.

BPS MBD, (2012). Southwest Molluccas Regency in Figure of 2011. BPS MBD. 295 p.

BPS MBD, (2013). Southwest Molluccas Regency in Figure of 2012. BPS MBD. 374 p.

BPS MBD, (2014). Southwest Molluccas Regency in Figure of 2013. BPS MBD. 329 p.

BPS MBD, (2015). Southwest Molluccas Regency in Figure of 2014. BPS MBD. 342 p.

BPS MBD, (2016). Southwest Molluccas Regency in Figure of 2015. BPS MBD. 327 p.

BPS MBD, (2017). Southwest Moluccas Regency in Figure of 2016. 219 p.

BPS MBD, (2018). Southwest Moluccas Regency in Figure of 2017. 792 p.

Buschmann, A. H., Camus, C., Infante, J., Neori, A., Israel, A., Hernández-González, M. C., Pereda, S.V., Gomez-Pinchetti, J. L. Golberg, A., Tadmor-Shalev, N. & Critchley, A. T., (2017). Seaweed production: overview of the global state of exploitation, farming and emerging research activity, European Journal of Phycology,52:4, 391-406, DOI: 10.1080/09670262.2017.1365175.

Chang, P., Yamagata, T. Schopf, P. Behera, S. K. Carton, J. Kessler, W. S. Meyers, W.S.Meyers, G. Qu, T. Schott, F. Shetye, S. Xie, S. P. (2005). Climate fluctuation of tropical coupled system. The role of ocean dynamics. Journal of Cimate. 105 p.

Directorate General of Capture Fisheries (DGCF) (2017). Capture fisheries statistics of Indonesia by Provinces, 2016. Ministry for marine and Fisheries Affarirs. 384 p.

Ferdouse, F., Yang, Z., Holdt, S. L., Murúa, P., & Smith, R. (2018). The global status of seaweed production, trade and utilization. Globefish Research Programme Volume 124. Rome, Italy.

Fitri, F., Toharudin, T., & Jaya, I.G.N.M. (2017). Marine capture fisheries production and intensity of rainfall: An Application of Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) Model. AIP Conference Proceedings 1827, 020038 (2017).

Friend, R., Arthur, R., & Keskinen, M. (2009). Songs of the Doomed: The continuing neglect of capture fisheries in hydropower development in the Mekong. IN: Molle, F., Foran, T. and Käkönen, M. (eds.). 2009. Contested waterscapes in the Mekong region: Hydropower, livelihoods and governance. London: Earthscan: 307-332.

Garcia, S. M., Zerbi, A., Aliaume, C., Do Chi, T., & Lasserre, G. (2003) - The ecosystem approach to fisheries: issues, terminology, principles, institutional foundations, implementation and outlook. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper No. 443, 76 p.

Hutubessy, B.G., Mosse, J. W., & Hayward, P. (2017). Small is beautiful: Marine small-scale fisheries catches from the South-West Maluku Regency. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 89. doi :10.1088/1755-1315/89/1/012003.

Knudsen, M. (2016). Poverty and Beyond: Small-Scale Fishing in Overexploited Marine Environments. Human Ecology. 44:341–352. DOI 10.1007/s10745-016-9824-y.

NOAA. (2013). Essential fish habitat and consultation. NOAA Fisheries Pacific Island Regional Office. 2p. Consultation_ factsheet_FINAL_05-08-2013_lo.pdf

Stacey, N. (ed), Nurhakim, S., Nugroho, D., Soselisa, H., Resosudarmo, B., Kalis, O., Monteiro, J., Prescott, J., Martin, J., & Karam, J. (2011). Socio-Economic Profile of the Arafura and Timor Seas. Report prepared for the Transboundary Diagnostic component of the Arafura Timor Seas Ecosystem Action Program, ATSEA Program, Jakarta, 135 ps.

Patipeilohy, J. J. (2013). Traditional arctecture of the Ohirata community (in Indonesia).

Sulistiyo. (1996). Development planting seagrass in Indonesia. In: Atmadja, U.S., A. Kadi, Sulistiyo and R. Satari (Eds.). Introduction to the types of Indonesian seaweed. Center for Oceanology Research and Development. LIPI, Jakarta: 120-151.

Teelucksingh, S., Nunes, P.A.L.D., & Perrings, C. (2013). Biodiversity-based development in Small Island Developing States. Environment & Development Economics 18(04), 381-391. DOI: 10.1017/S1355770X13000260.

Valavanis, V. D., Pierce, G. J., Zuur, A. F., Palialexis, A., Saveliev, A., Katara, I., & Wang, J., (2008). Modelling of essential fish habitat based on remote sensing, spatial analysis and GIS. Hydrobiologica. 612: 5-20. DOI 10.1007/s10750-008-9493-y

Xie, S-P. (2007). Ocean-atmospheric interaction and tropical climate. In Wang, Y. (ed). Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS)-Tropical Meteorology: 870-877.

Yonvitner, Susilo, S. B. Rakasiwi, G., & Taurusman, A. A. (2016). Carrying capacity of small island by using ecological foot print approach (case study in Wetar Island). PKSPL-IPB. Working paper. 35 p.


Creative Commons License
Indonesian Fisheries Research Journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
View My Stats
p-ISSN 0853-8980
e-ISSN 2502-6569

Find in a library with WorldCatCrossref logoSHERPA/RoMEO Logogoogle scholardoaj