PENGARUH PERUBAHAN LUAS HUTAN MANGROVE TERHADAP KONSENTRASI TOTAL SUSPENDED MATTER (TSM) DI MUARA PERANCAK, JEMBRANA – BALI

Komang Iwan Suniada

Abstract


Study of the function of mangrove forests as a sediment trap has been largely undertaken using field measurement methods, but only a few researches that fully utilize remote sensing data to find out the influence of mangrove forest’s area changes against the Total Suspended Matter (TSM) making this study very interesting and important to do.  This research was conducted in Perancak estuary area which is one of mangrove ecosystem area in Bali besides West Bali National Park, Benoa Forest Park and Nusa Lembongan. The data used to generate TSM information and change of mangrove forest area in this research is medium resolution satellite image data, Landsat.  Tidal data and rainfall data were used as a supporting data. The information of TSM concentration obtained by using Budhiman (2004) algorithm, shows that along with the increasing of mangrove forest area has caused the decreasing of TSM concentration at mouth Perancak river. The decline was caused by sediments trapped and settled around trees or mangrove roots, especially the Rhizophora mangroves. In addition to the increasing of mangrove forest area, the tidal oceanography factor also greatly influences the TSM fluctuation around Perancak river mouth. 


Keywords


TSM, mangrove, tidal, Perancak estuary

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15578/jkn.v14i1.6864

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