PEMBELAJARAN PEMBANGUNAN PULAU TERLUAR BERBASIS SEKTOR KELAUTAN DAN PERIKANAN: STUDI KASUS SKPT BIAK NUMFOR

Andrian Ramadhan, Rizky Muhartono, Tikkyrino Kurniawan, Harnita Hadiastuty

Abstract


Konsep Sentra Kelautan Perikanan Terpadu (SKPT) merupakan tindak lanjut dari nawacita, yang memprioritaskan pembangunan kelautan dan perikanan di kawasan pulau-pulau kecil dan perbatasan/pinggiran. Tantangan utama terkait upaya pembangunan daerah pinggiran adalah ketergantungannya pada intervensi kebijakan yang datang dari luar yang merupakan aspek sumberdaya manusia dan kinerja kelembagaan. Hal tersebut dikhawatirkan berimplikasi negatif pada aspek distribusi manfaat pembangunan dan kepentingan masyarakat lokal. Terkait itu, makalah ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap
kinerja pembangunan sumberdaya manusia dan kelembagaan serta isu pembangunan inklusif pada program SKPT. Penelitian dilakukan pada Desember tahun 2019 menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dan studi kasus, yang dimaksudkan untuk mengeksplorasi konsep dan pelaksanaan program SKPT dalam perspektif pembangunan sumberdaya manusia, kelembagaan dan isu pembangunan inklusif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pembangunan eksogenus tidak harus berkonotasi pembangunan yang mengabaikan aspek manusia dan kinerja kelembagaan lokal. Pelajaran dari Program SKPT di Kabupaten Biak Numfor menunjukkan bahwa dua isu tersebut dapat menjadi modal penting yang ikut berkontribusi pada keberhasilan intervensi terkait program SKPT, termasuk berbagai aktivitas pemberian bantuan dan ekspansi pasar yang terkoneksi dengan kelembagaan-kelembagaan lokal.

 

Title:  Lesson Learned of The Outer Island Development Based on The Marine and Fishery Sector: A Case Study of The SKPT of Biak Numfor


The concept of Integrated Marine and Fisheries Center (SKPT) is derived from the Nawacita that prioritizes the development of small islands and border areas. The major challenge of border area is the dependence on external policy regardless to its local human resource and institutional development. As the result, the development might cause benefits distribution issue and leave local
communities behind. This paper aims to reveal the extent of human and institutional development, as well as the issue of inclusive development in the SKPT program. The research was conducted in December 2019, using a qualitative approach (case study) to explore the concept and implementation
of the SKPT that is related to human resource development, institutions and inclusive development issues. The results show that exogenous development must not ignore the issue of local human resource and institutional development. In fact, the SKPT in Biak Numfor Regency uses these two issues as the basis for determining the programs such as forms of aids and market expansion strategies that connect to local institutions.


Keywords


SKPT; pulau terluar; exogenus development; sumber daya manusia; kelembagaan

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15578/jksekp.v11i2.10060

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