DETERMINAN EFISIENSI NELAYAN DI INDONESIA: SEBUAH ANALISIS STOCHASTIC FRONTIER

Eko Wicaksono, Yuventus Effendi

Abstract


Pemerintah Indonesia saat ini sangat serius memberantas penangkapan ikan ilegal di wilayahnya. Pengurangan penangkapan ikan secara ilegal oleh kapal asing di Indonesia berarti pengurangan persaingan yang signifikan antara nelayan asing dan domestik. Studi ini berpendapat bahwa, dengan menurunnya kompetisi dengan nelayan asing, nelayan domestik harus mampu meningkatkan jumlah tangkapan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui tingkat efisiensi teknis dan juga faktor penentu inefisiensi nelayan di Indonesia. Penelitian ini menggunakan fungsi produksi yang meliputi usaha nelayan dan capital sebagai input. Analisis stochastic frontier digunakan untuk menguji faktor penentu inefisiensi pada produksi ikan di antara 156 nelayan di seluruh Indonesia. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa produksi ikan sangat bergantung pada jumlah awak dan jenis kapal sesuai yang diharapkan. Dalam hal inefisiensi, penelitian ini mengklaim bahwa kepemilikan telepon seluler merupakan penentu signifikan untuk mengurangi inefisiensi, diikuti oleh kepemilikan kapal dan nilai alat tangkap. Temuan tersebut menyiratkan bahwa koordinasi antara nelayan, kepemilikan kapal dan alat penangkap ikan penting untuk efisiensi nelayan. 

Determinants of Fisher’s Efficiency in Indonesia: A Stochastic Frontier Analysis

Indonesian government has been recently fought against illegal fishing in the territory. Reduction in illegal fishing means a significant reduction in competition among foreign and domestic fishers. This study suggests that domestic fishers must be able to increase their fish capture as the competition with foreign fishers decreased. This study aims to identify technical efficiency level as well as to identify the determinants of inefficiency among fishers across Indonesia. This study utilizes a production function including fishers’ efforts and capital as input. A stochastic frontier analysis is used to examine the inefficiency determinants on fish production among one hundred and fifty six fishers across Indonesia. The result indicated that fish production depended significantly on the number of crew and expected type of boat. This study claims that cell phone is a significant determinant to reduce inefficiency, ship ownership and the value of fishing gear respectively. These finding implies that coordination among fishers, boat ownership and fishing gear are necessary for the fishers’ efficiency. 


Keywords


perikanan tangkap; efisiensi teknis; fungsi produksi stochastic frontier; IFLS; Indonesia

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15578/jsekp.v14i1.6868

Indexed by:

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Diterbitkan Oleh:

Balai Besar Riset Sosial Ekonomi Kelautan dan Perikanan
bekerjasama dengan
Indonesian Marine and Fisheries Socio-Economics Research Network