PEMETAAN FAKTOR KUNCI PENGEMBANGAN EKONOMI PERIKANAN: STUDI KOMPARATIF PADA TIGA KABUPATEN DI PROVINSI RIAU

Tomi Ramadona, Pareng Rengi, Fanny Septya

Abstract


Provinsi Riau memiliki potensi perikanan berupa perikanan tangkap dan budi daya yang tersebar pada seluruh kabupaten. Sehingga, diperlukan perencanaan dengan mempertimbangkan faktor kunci pengembangan ekonomi perikanan berbasis wilayah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memetakan faktor kunci Pengembangan Ekonomi Perikanan PEP pada tiga (3) kabupaten di Provinsi Riau yaitu Kabupaten Indragiri Hilir, Kabupaten Bengkalis dan Kabupaten Kampar. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survei. Data yang dikumpulkan terdiri dari data primer dan sekunder yang diperoleh baik secara langsung di lapangan maupun studi literatur. Penentuan responden dilakukan secara purposive terhadap tokoh kunci setiap daerah. Analisis data yang digunakan yaitu analisis Multi Dimensional Scaling (MDS) dengan teknik Rafed dan analisis kebijakan dengan teknik prospektif dan gabungan. Hasil
analisis menunjukkan karakteristik lokasi, potensi sumber daya dan kultur masyarakat menyebabkan faktor kunci pengembangan ekonomi perikanan pada masing-masing daerah secara umum relatif berbeda. Faktor kunci PEP Kabupaten Indragiri Hilir yaitu: (1) kebijakan pengembangan komunitas; (2) kerjasama dalam industri sejenis maupun industri hulu-hilir; (3) kontribusi pengembangan ekonomi perikanan terhadap peningkatan kualitas hidup dan kesejahteraan masyarakat lokal; (4) faktor kebijakan pemerintah; (5) Ketersediaan sumber daya manusia (SDM), dan; (6) sarana dan prasarana perikanan. Faktor kunci PEP Kabupaten Bengkalis yaitu: (1) peluang kerjasama dalam industri sejenis maupun industri hulu-hilir; (2) kontribusi pengembangan ekonomi perikanan terhadap peningkatan kualitas hidup dan kesejahteraan masyarakat lokal; (3) sinkronisasi lintas sektoral dan spasial dalam perencanaan PEP; (4) faktor kebijakan pemerintah, dan; (5) ketersediaan SDM. Faktor kunci PEP Kabupaten Kampar yaitu: (1) pusat layanan investasi; (2) jumlah lembaga keuangan lokal; (3) status asosiasi industri komoditi/ forum bisnis; (4) ketersediaan SDM, dan; (5) sarana dan prasarana perikanan. Dalam rangka optimalisasi kontribusi sektor perikanan maka diperlukan kebijakan penguatan seluruh faktor kunci PEP pada masing-masing daerah melalui implementasi program pada Satuan Kerja Perangkat Daerah (SKPD) terkait.

Tilte: Mapping of Key Factors for Fisheries Economic Development:   A Comparative Study in Three District in Riau Province 

Riau Province has potential capture fisheries and aquaculture spread throughout the district. So it is necessary to plan the development of regional fisheries economic. This research aims to map the key factors of Fisheries Economic Development (FED) in 3 district of Riau Province, they are Indragiri Hilir, Bengkalis and Kampar. This research used a survey method. It collected primary and secondary data through interviews and literature studies. The respondents were purposive sampling of key persons in each region. Data were analyzed using Multi Dimensional Scaling (MDS) analysis by Rafed technique, while prospective and combine techniques were used to policy analysis. The analysis resulting in the differentiation of the key factors to the economic fisheries which are specific to location, potential resources, and social culture. The key factors of FED in Indragiri Hilir District are: (1) community development policies; (2) cooperation among similar industries and upstream-downstream industries; (3) contribution of fisheries economic development to the improvement of life quality and welfare of the
local communities; (4) government policy; 5) Availability of HR, and; (6) fisheries facilities and infrastructure. The key factor of FED in Bengkalis District are: (1) cooperation opportunity among similar industries and upstream-downstream industries; (2) contribution of fisheries economic development to the improvement of life quality and welfare of the local communities; (3) cross-sectoral and spatial synchronization in FED planning; (4) government policy, and; (5)availability of HR. The key factor of FED in Kampar District is: (1) investment service center;(2) number of local financial institutions; (3) status of the commodity industry association / business forum; (4) availability of HR, and; (5) fisheries facilities and infrastructures. It is necessary to reinforce all the key factors of FED in each districts by implementing relevant local government programs in order to optimize the contribution of fisheries sector.



Keywords


penelitian komparasi; ekonomi perikanan; faktor kunci; MDS; survei

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15578/jsekp.v14i2.7098

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