ANALISIS EFISIENSI DAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR PRODUKSI KOMODITAS SEKTOR BASIS KABUPATEN PATI (Studi Kasus Budidaya Ikan Bandeng Kabupaten Pati, Jawa Tengah)

Triana Dwi Wahyuni, Sasongko Sasongko, Sri Muljaningsih

Abstract


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengukur tingkat efisiensi teknik pada pembudidaya ikan bandeng dan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi produksi ikan bandeng sebagai komoditas sektor basis
di Kabupaten Pati. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah dengan analisis DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis) dengan asumsi output oriented dan pendekatan Variable Return to Scale (VRS) untuk mengukur tingkat efisiensi teknik pembudidaya bandeng. Selanjutnya dengan analisis regresi linear berganda, untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi produksi bandeng di Kabupaten Pati. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tingkat efisiensi teknis pembudidaya bandeng di Kabupaten Pati masih sangat rendah, rata-rata efisiensi teknis adalah 7,41. Adapun sebanyak 55% atau sebanyak 44 pembudidaya dari 80 sampel pembudidaya masih berada di bawah rata-rata. Hasil analisis regresi diperoleh bahwa penggunaan benih, luas lahan, dan jarak lokasi tambak dengan laut mempunyai pengaruh yang sangat signifikan; Sedangkan penggunaan tenaga kerja tidak berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap produksi bandeng.

Efficiency and Production Factors Analysis of Base Sector  Commodity in the Pati Regency (Case Study: Milkfish Farming  in Pati Regency, Central Java)

This study aims to measure the level of technical efficiency in milkfish farmers and factors influencing milkfish production as a base sector commodity in Pati Regency. The research applied DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis) with output oriented assumption and Variable Return to Scale (VRS) approaches to measure the efficiency level of milkfish farmers. It is then analysed by Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) to determine factors influencing milkfish production in Pati Regency. Results showed that the level of technical efficiency of milkfish farmers in Pati Regency was in low level with average number of 7.41. There are 55% of 80 farmers are below average. Furthermore, this research described the efficiency level of milkfish farmers in low, medium and large scale. OLS analysis found that the use of seeds, land area, and distance between ponds and sea have significant effect on milkfish production instead of the use of labour. 


Keywords


ekonomi basis; efisiensi teknik; DEA; fungsi produksi cobb-douglass; pembudidaya bandeng

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15578/jsekp.v14i1.7488

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Research Center for Marine and Fisheries Socio-Economic 
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