TINGKAT PARTISIPASI MASYARAKAT DAN ANALISIS AKTOR PADA REHABILITASI MANGROVE DI DESA KARANGSONG, KABUPATEN INDRAMAYU, JAWA BARAT

Feti Fatimatuzzahroh, Sudharto Prawata Hadi, Hartuti Purnaweni

Abstract


Keterlibatan masyarakat masyarakat merupakan indikator penting dalam keberhasilan rehabilitasi mangrove, karena merekalah yang paling terdampak dari kegiatan rehabilitasi mangrove . Penelitian ini mengkaji keterlibatan masyarakat, peran aktor yang dominan pada partisipasi masyarakat dalam rehabilitasi mangrove di Desa Karangsong. Dengan menggunakan metode deskriptif kualitatif, penelitian ini menganalisis keterlibatan masyarakat dengan menggunakan teori Arnstein dan Wilcox. Keterlibatan aktor juga dianalisis dengan software UCINET untuk memperkuat data tersebut dan mengetahui peran aktor dalam rehabilitasi mangrove.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa partisipasi masyarakat dalam rehabilitasi mangrove di Karangsong berada pada tahap citizen power. Fase ini menunjukkan bahwa masyarakat mampu merencanakan dan membuat kebijakan rehabilitasi mangrove. Hal ini dapat dilihat pada hasil analisis aktor dengan UCINET yang menunjukkan bahwa Kelompok Tani Pantai Lestari merupakan aktor utama dalam rehabilitasi mangrove. Selain dalam perencanaan, mereka juga berperan sebagai fasilitator dan pemberi informasi utama bagi aktor dan stakeholder yang terlibat. Partisipasi masyarakat yang berkelanjutan masih diperlukan dalam pengelolaan mangrove. Oleh karena itu, kebijakan pemerintah daerah diharapkan tetap memperhatikan keterlibatan masyarakat dalam pengelolaan dan rehabilitasi mangrove agar berkelanjutan.

Title:  Community Level Participation and Actor Analysis of Mangrove Rehabilitation in Karangsong Village, Indramayu Regency West Java

Community involvement is an important indicator in the success of mangrove rehabilitation because they are the most directly affected by mangrove rehabilitation. This research has the objective to evaluates the community involvement in mangrove rehabilitation in Karangsong Village, West Java, analyze the role of dominant actor in mangrove rehabilitation, and examine the role of participation in mangrove rehabilitation programme in Karangsong Village. Using descriptive qualitative methods, this study analyzed community involvement based on the theories of Arnstein and Wilcox. The involvement of actors was also analyzed with UCINET software to strengthen the data and to find out the role of actors in mangrove rehabilitation. This research shows that community participation in mangrove rehabilitation in Karangsong is at the citizen power stage. This phase shows that the community can plan and make policies for mangrove rehabilitation. It can be seen in the results of the actor analysis with UCINET which shows that the Pantai Lestari Group is the main actor in mangrove rehabilitation. Apart from planning, Pantai Lestari also acts as a facilitator and provides the main information for the actors and stakeholders involved. Continuing community participation is still needed in mangrove management. Therefore, local government policies are expected to continue to consider community involvement in managing and rehabilitating mangroves to be sustainable.


Keywords


analisis kelayakan; perikanan tangkap; usaha; alat tangkap; jaring udang

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15578/jsekp.v16i2.9420

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