KINERJA PERTUMBUHAN DAN EFISIENSI PAKAN IKAN Tor tambroides YANG DIBERI PAKAN KOMERSIAL DENGAN KANDUNGAN PROTEIN BERBEDA

Deni Radona, Jojo Subagja, Irin Iriana Kusmini

Abstract


Protein merupakan nutrien yang sangat berperan dalam pertumbuhan ikan. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui kebutuhan protein optimal untuk pertumbuhan ikan Tor tambroides dan pengaruh kandungan protein pakan terhadap efisiensi pakannya. Benih ikan Tor yang digunakan berukuran panjang (1,5 ± 0,1 cm) dan bobot (0,08 ± 0,01 g). Benih ikan dipelihara dalam akuarium berukuran 40 cm x 30 cm x 30 cm dengan ketinggian air 20 cm sebanyak 50 ekor. Selama 40 hari pemeliharaan benih ikan diberi pakan komersil berupa crumble dengan kandungan protein, (A) 25%, (B) 35%, dan (C) 50% sebanyak 20% per hari dari total biomassa ikan, pemberian pakan dengan frekuensi tiga kali sehari. Rancangan penelitian menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap dengan tiga perlakuan dan tiga ulangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ikan Tor tambroides yang diberi pakan dengan kandungan protein sebesar 35% dan 50% memiliki pertumbuhan panjang, bobot, laju pertumbuhan harian (LPH), biomassa, nisbah konversi pakan (FCR), dan efisiensi pakan yang sama (P>0,05) dan berbeda nyata pada pakan dengan kandungan protein 25% (P<0,05).

Protein is a nutrient is which plays a major role in the growth of fish. This study was aimed to determine the optimal protein requirement for growing of Thai mahseer and the influence of different protein levels of feed on feed efficiency. The average length and weight of fish used were 1.5 ± 0.1 cm and 0.08 ± 0.01 g. The fish were reared in the aquarium (dimension= 40 cm x 30 cm x 30 cm filled with 20 cm of water and the stocking density of each aquarium was 50 individuals. During 40-day reared, seedling fish were fed by commercial crumble with different protein levels, (A) 25%, (B) 35%, and (C) 50%, as much as 20% of total weight every day with a feeding frequency of three times per day. This experiment was conducted by using completely randomized design (CRD) with three treatments and three replications for each treatment. The results showed that Tor tambroides fed diets with protein levels of 35% and 50% was not significantly different on the growth value (length and weight), specific growth rate, biomass, feed conversion ratio (FCR), and feed efficiency (P>0.05) and was significantly different on feed protein levels 25% (P<0.05).


Keywords


Tor tambroides; protein; pertumbuhan; efisiensi; pakan; Thai mahseer; protein; growth; efficiency; feed

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15578/ma.12.1.2017.27-33


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