STRATEGI PENGELOLAAN PERIKANAN DI WADUK SEMPOR, KABUPATEN KEBUMEN, PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

Tenny Apriliani, Nendah Kurniasari, Christina Yuliati

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Waduk Sempor merupakan salah satu tipologi sumber daya perairan umum daratan yang bersifat multiguna, yang salah satu pemanfaatannya adalah untuk perikanan baik perikanan tangkap maupun budidaya. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk merumuskan strategi yang tepat dalam pengelolaan perikanan di Waduk Sempor, Kabupaten Kebumen. Kegiatan penelitian ini dilakukan pada tahun 2016, data dikumpulkan melalui observasi yang kemudian dianalisis secara kualitatif dengan pendekatan deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa berdasarkan pengaruh (power) dan kepentingannya (interest), maka stakeholders dalam pengelolaan perikanan di Waduk Sempor dapat dikategorikan menjadi dua yaitu key players dan crowd. Stakeholders yang termasuk dalam kategori key players adalah Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan (DKP) Kabupaten Kebumen, Balai Besar Wilayah Sungai (BBWS) Serayu Opak, Kebumen Dinas Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata, Dinas Sumberdaya Air dan Energi Mineral (DSA) Kebumen dan masyarakat. Pemangku kepentingan yang termasuk dalam kategori kerumunan adalah DKP Prov. Jawa Tengah, Perusahaan Hutan Negara Indonesia (Perhutani) Kebumen, Perusahaan daerah Air Minum (PDAM) Kebumen, PT. Indonesia Power, lembaga penelitian dan universitas serta Lembaga Swadaya Masyarakat (LSM) lokal. Masyarakat khususnya nelayan di Waduk Sempor tergolong sebagai stakeholder primer karena berkepentingan secara langsung terhadap sumberdaya perikanan yang terdapat di Waduk Sempor, serta memiliki pengaruh dalam pengelolaan. Pengaruh (power) masyarakat dalam pengambilan keputusan dalam pengelolaan perikanan di waduk Sempor tergolong cukup. Pemanfaatan dan pengelolaan sumber daya perikanan di perairan umum waduk dapat direkomendasikan dengan cara menerapkan unsur-unsur ko-manajemen yang terpadu dengan program pengembangan perikanan tangkap berbasis budidaya (Culture Based Fishery-CBF). 

Title: Fisheries Management Strategies In The Sempor Reservoir Of Kebumen Regency, Central Java Province

ABSTRACT

Sempor Reservoir is one of inland water typologies with multipurpose utilizations, one of which is for fisheries, both capture fisheries and aquaculture.The aimed of this paper is to formulate an appropriate strategy of fisheries management in Sempor Reservoir, Kebumen Regancy through the impelementation of Culture Based Fisheries Program (CBF). This research was conducted in 2016 and data was collected through observation and interview. Data was analyzed quatitatively with descriptive approached. The results showed that based on the influence (power) and interests (interest), then stakeholders in fisheries management in Sempor Reservoir can be categorized into two key players and Crowd. Stakeholders included in the key players category are Marine and Fisheries Agency (DKP) Kebumen Regency, River Region Agency (BBWS) Serayu Opak, Department of Culture and Tourism Kebumen, Water and Mineral Resources Agency (DSA) Kebumen and community. Stakeholders belonging to the crowd category are DKP Prov. Central Java, State Forest Company of Indonesia (Perhutani) Kebumen, Kebumen Water Company (PDAM), PT. Indonesia Power, research institutes and universities as well as local nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). The community, especially fishers in Sempor Reservoir, classified as primary stakeholders because of direct interest to fishery resources contained in the Sempor Reservoir, and has influence in the management. The influence (power) of the community in making decisions in fisheries management in Sempor Reservoir is sufficient. Utilization and management of fishery resources in the general waters of the reservoir can be recommended by applying the elements of co-management integrated with the development Culture Based Fishery program (CBF). 


Keywords


analisis stakeholder; pengelolaan perikanan waduk; culture based fisheries

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15578/jsekp.v13i2.6660

Indexed by:

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Diterbitkan Oleh:

Balai Besar Riset Sosial Ekonomi Kelautan dan Perikanan
bekerjasama dengan
Indonesian Marine and Fisheries Socio-Economics Research Network