BISNIS LOBSTER DI SIMEULUE: KERAGAAN PERDAGANGAN DAN KEBIJAKAN INOVASI BUDIDAYA

Armen Zulham, Zahri Nasution

Abstract


Lobster merupakan salah satu komoditas penopang ekonomi rumah tangga perikanan di Simeulue. Disparitas harga Lobster antara pusat produksi (Simeulue) dan pasar tujuan (Jakarta) mendorong dinamika eksploitasi populasi Lobster di Simeulue. Manfaat ekonomi dari dinamika eksploitasi Lobster yang diperoleh nelayan dan pedagang pengumpul di Simeulue masing-masing masing-masing sekitar 19% dari total nilai transaksi Rp. 914,1 Juta setiap bulan. Informasi utama bisnis Lobster diperoleh dari hasil Survey pada bulan April 2016. Survey dilakukan pada 15 pedagang pengumpul di Teupah Selatan dan 3 Pedagang Besar di Sinabang dan Teluk Dalam. Informasi tambahan diperoleh dari diskusi dengan para pemangku kepentingan sampai Bulan Oktober 2016. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan: penangkapan Lobster ukuran karapas < 8 Cm (< 2 Ons)  dan bertelur masih tetap ditemukan. Suplai Lobster asal Simeulue  ke pasar tujuan sekitar 2,4 Ton per Bulan dan kemampuan suplai  itu terus menurun dari Januari 2016 sampai Juli 2016. Oleh sebab itu diperlukan inovasi untuk meningkatkan pasokan Lobster tersebut. Untuk mendapatkan Lobster Pedagang Besar (antar pulau)  di Simeulue membangun Jaringan Sosial,  agar bisnis Lobster tetap berlanjut. Namun, keberlanjutan bisnis Lobster, tergatung pada  kebijakan implementasi inovasi model sosial entrepreneur dalam industri Lobster. Kebijakan tersebut pada dasarnya untuk:  mempercepat penggunaan  teknologi baru (renovasi teknologi) budidaya Lobster, menciptakan iklim usaha tentang pentingnya pemulihan stok Lobster melalui asistensi bisnis.  Model Sosial Enterpreneur akan membantu mengembangkan kluster budidaya Lobster di perairan Teluk Sibigo dan  Teluk Dalam serta pada sebagian perairan di Teupah Selatan.

Abstract: Lobster Business In Simeulue: Trade Performed And  Cultivation Innovation Policy 

Lobster is one of the commodities that support fisheries household economy in Simeulue. The disparity of lobster prices between Simeulue and Jakarta trigger the dynamics exploitation of lobster population  in Simeulue. Economical benefit from the exploitation of Lobster potency obtained by fishermen and collecting traders in Simelue are around 19% each from monthly transaction of Rp 914,1 million, respectively. Main information of this report was obtained from survey on April 2016. Survey was onducted on 15 collecting traders in South Teupah Distric and three inter island traders in Sinabang and Teluk Dalam. Additional information was obtained from discussion with stakeholders until October 2016. This research showed that: the fishing of lobster with carapace size <8 cm and hatching eggs were still found. The supply of Simeulue lobster to target market was around 2,4 tons per month and the supply ability kept decreasing since January 2016 to July 2016. An innovation to increase the production level of lobster is needed. To get the lobster, the inter island  traders build social network in order to make his business continue. However, the continuation of lobster business depends on the implementation policy of social entrepreneur innovation model  in lobster industry. The policy was basically made for: accelerating new technology use (technology renovation) of lobster cultivation, creating a business climate about the importance of lobster stock recovery through business assistance. The social entrepreneur model will help to develop lobster cultivation cluster in Sibigo Bay and Teluk Dalam Bay as well as some coastal  waters area in South Teupah Distric.




Keywords


Lobster; Simeulue; Perdagangan; Kebijakan Inovasi; Sosial Enterpreneur

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anonim, 2013. Bridging The Valley of Death: Improving the Commersialization of Research. Science and Technology Committee. London.

______, 2015. Kabupaten Simeulue Dalam Angka, 2015. Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Simeulue. Sinabang.

Damsar & Indrayani, (2013). Pengantar Sosiologi Ekonomi. Edisi ke 3. (p.316) Kencana Prenada Media Group. Jakarta

Globefish. 2015. Lobster – June 2015. Globefish – Analysis and Information on World Fish Trade. 1 June 2015.

------------. 2016. Strong Lobster Supplies but Weakening in China and Europe. Globefish – Analysis and Information on World Fish Trade. 11 Augt 2016.

Grannovetter , M. 1992. Problem of Explanation in Economic Sociology. Dalam N. Nohria and R. Eccles (eds). Netwowrk and Organization. Structure, Form and Action. Harvard Business School. Boston.

Giddens, A. 2005. Konsekuensi Konsekuensi Modernitas. Kreasi Wacana. Jogjakarta.

Geertz, C. 1980. the economic history of javanese rural society : a reinterpretation. The developing economies, vol. XVIII. No. 1, maret 1980. Institute of developing economies, Tokio.

Hardin, G. 1968. The Tragedy of The Commons. Sciences 162 (3859). In ICLARM Resources Doc. 5.

Henderson, J.M and R.E, Quant. (1980). Micro Economic Theory: A Mathematical Approach. (p.420). McGraw-Hill.

Hung, LV and LA. Tuan. 2008. Lobster Seacage Culture in Vietnam. Spiny Lobster Aquaculture in The Asia –Pacific Region. Proceeding of an International Symposium held at Nha Trang, Vietnam. 9 – 10 December 2008.

Jenkins. J and S. Mansur. 2011. Bridging The Clean Energy Valleys of Death. Breaktrought Institute. London.

Jihghan, ML. 1999. Teori Dualistik. Ekonomi Pembangunan dan Perencanaan dalam Ekonomi Perencanaan. RajaGrafindo Persada. Jakarta.

Nazaruddin, 2015. Analisis Kesesuaian Perairan Budidaya Laut di Pesisir Utara Kabupaten Simeulue. Tesis Unsyiah. Banda Aceh (tidak di Publikasi).

Powell, W.W and L. Smith-Doer, 1994. Network and Economic Life. Dalam N.J. Smelser and R. Swedberg (eds). The Handbook of Economic Sociology. Princenton Univ. Press.

Radiarta, I.N. Erlania, J. Haryadi, Syamdidi, A.B. Purwanto. A. Rosdiana. 2015. Pengembangan Kawasan Marikultur Kabupaten Simeulue. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan. Jakarta

Schaefer, MB. 1957. Some Consideration of Population Dynamics and Economics in Relation to Management to Marine Fisheries. J. Fish Resources Board Canada. Vol: 14.

Sukirno, S. 2014. Ekonomi Pembangunan, Proses, Masalah dan Dasar Kebijakan. Prenada Media. Jakarta.

Trade Market Adjustmen for Farmer, 2006. Lobster Market Overview. USDA. Download tanggal: 11 Oktober 2016. http://taatrain.cffm.umn.edu/publications/LobsterMrktOverview.pdf




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15578/jksekp.v6i2.3068

Indexed by:

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

Published by

Research Center for Marine and Fisheries Socio-Economic

in collaboration with
Indonesian Marine and Fisheries Socio-Economics Research Network

 Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.