DINAMIKA DAN KEBIJAKAN PENGEMBANGAN EKONOMI KELAUTAN INDONESIA

Kastana Sapanli, Tridoyo Kusumastanto, Sugeng Budiharsono, Agus Sadelie

Abstract


Amanat UU 32 tahun 2014 tentang Kelautan salah satunya percepatan dan penguatan ekonomi nasional dari potensi kelautan yang ada. Penelitian ini mengkaji kontribusi PDB ekonomi kelautan; dampak pengembangan ekonomi kelautan; dan implikasi kebijakan pengembangan ekonomi kelautan. Metode penelitian menggunakan analisis data sekunder. Data yang digunakan adalah data sekunder tahun 2010-2015 yang diperoleh dari Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS). Data dianalisis secara deskriptif kuantitatif menggunakan model I-O (Input-Output) yang diupdate ke tahun 2015. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa persentase produk kelautan terhadap PDB terus meningkat mencapai 28.01 % pada tahun 2015. Berdasarkan kajian terhadap dampak ekonomi yang dihasilkan, perlu diprioritaskan pengembangan ekonomi kelautan pada tiga sektor yaitu: industri kelautan, perikanan dan pariwisata bahari. Prinsip kebijakan pengembangan ekonomi kelautan harus inovatif dan berkelanjutan yang bertumpu pada peningkatan daya saing, modernisasi sistem produksi, penguatan kapasitas pelaku industri dan berbasis komoditas.

Title: Dynamics and Policies of Indonesia’s Ocean Economic Development

Law number 32 of 2014 about The Sea mandates the national economic acceleration and empowerment from the potential of marine. This research examined the contribution of the ocean economy to GDP, impact of ocean economic development, and policy implication of ocean economic development. The research used secondary data analysis method. It used secondary data of 2010-2015 that were collected from Statistics Indonesia. Data were analyzed with quantitative descriptive method with I-O model (input-output), that were updated to 2015. The results showed that the percentage of marine products contribution to GDP increased to 28.01% in 2015. Based on the analysis of economic impact, it is necessary to prioritize the ocean economic development on three sectors: marine industry, fisheries, and marine tourism. The ocean economic development policies must be innovative, sustainable, increasing competitiveness, modernizing production systems, and strengthening the capacity of industrial and commodity-based players.



Keywords


dampak ekonomi; ekonomi kelautan; kebijakan kelautan; kontribusi PDB; pembangunan

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15578/jksekp.v10i2.9248

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