HEAVY METAL CONDITION IN KRAMAT KEBO ESTUARY, WEST JAVA, INDONESIA as HABITAT of Oryzias Javanicus

Rachma Puspitasari, Lestari Lestari

Abstract


Nowadays, contamination monitoring in Indonesia still focused on traditional method like only depend on measurement of chemical and physical parameter.  In addition, the use of organism, known as bioindicator brings some advantages such as knowing about habitat alteration and relationship between organism and environment. Fish from genus Oryzias had been known in Malaysia and Japan as a sensitive bioindicator. One of species, O. javanicus, was found in Kramat Kebo estuary, West Java, Indonesia. This preliminary study aims to determine metal distribution in water and sediment in Kramat kebo estuary, as a habitat of O. javanicus. It is also a preliminary study to assess possibility of O. javanicus as a bioindicator of heavy metal contamination in coastal area.  Sampling was conducted on March and September, 2014 and analysis of total metal was done by Atomic Absorbance Spectrophotometry. Result showed that metal in water still below the threshold value by Ministry of Environment. Metal in sediment analyzed by Sediment Quality Guidelines Quetiont (SQG-Q) index, showed that all stations has SQG-Q value < 0.1, which is means that Kramat Kebo estuary is unimpacted area. We conclude for this preliminary study that existence of O. javanicus were related to less polluted of heavy metal in estuary and it suitable for bioindicator of uncontaminated heavy metal area.


Keywords


bioindicator, heavy metal, Kramat Kebo estuary, Oryzias javanicus.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arifin Z., Susana, T., Purwati., Muchsin, R., Hindarti, D., Riyono S.H., Razak, A., Matondang, E., Salim & Farida, N. (2003). Ecosystem and productivity of Jakarta bay and its surrounding. Report of Competitive Research, Research Centre for Oceanography-LIPI.

Authman M.M.N., Zaki M.S., Khallaf E.A. & Abbas H.H. (2015). Use of Fish as Bio-indicator of the Effects of Heavy Metals Pollution. J Aquac Res Development 6: 328. doi:10.4172/2155-9546.1000328

Awheda, I., Abuagla Y.A., Fahej, M.A.S., Salem, S.E. & Smida, F.A. (2015). Fish as Bioindicators of Heavy Metals Pollution in Marine Environments : A Review. Science. 5: 379–84.

Caeiro, S., Costa M.H., Ramos, T.B,. Fernandes, F., Silveira, A., Coimbra, N., Medeiros, G. & Painho, M. (2005). Assessing heavy metal contamination in Sado Estuary sediment: an index analysis approach. Ecological Indicators 5:151-169.

Ciutat, A., Gerino, M., & Boudou, A. (2007). Remobilization and bioavailability of cadmium from historical contaminated sediments: Influence of biotubation by tubificids. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 68: 108-117.

Edward J.B., Idowu E.O., Oso J.A. & Ibidapo O. R. (2013). Determination of heavy metal concentration in fish samples, sediment and water from Odo-Ayo River in Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti-State, Nigeria, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. 1 (1)

Holt, E. A. & Miller, S. W. (2011) Bioindicators: Using Organisms to Measure Environmental Impacts. Nature Education Knowledge 2 (2):8

Hutagalung, H. & Manik, J. (2002). Heavy metals in sediments of Jakarta Bay. In Proceedings of monitoring marine pollution. Hutagalung H.P. (ed.), pp. 1-6, Puslitbang Oseanologi-LIPI, Jakarta

Ismail, A. & Yusof, S. (2011). Effect of Mercury and Cadmium on Early Life Stages of Java Medaka (Oryzias javanicus): A potential tropical test fish. Marine Pollution Bulletin (63) 347-349.

Khodadoust, D., Ismail, A., Syaizwan. & Zahmir, Z. (2012). Application of Java Medaka (Oryzias Javanicus) Fish and Surface Sediments to Assess Cd and Cu Contamination in Linggi Estuary, Malaysia.” Acta Biologica Malaysiana 1 (2): 46–54. doi:10.7593/abm/1.2.46.

Lestari. (2011). Distribusi dan geokimia logam berat dalam sedimen di Perairan Semarang, Jawa Tengah. In: A. Hartoko et al.. (Ed.). Prosiding Pertemuan Ilmiah Nasional Tahunan VIII ISOI 2011: 204-217. Makassar: Ikatan Sarjana Oseanologi Indonesia.

Lestari & Budiyanto, F. (2013). Konsentrasi Hg, Cd, Cu, Pb, dan Zn Dalam Sedimen Di Perairan Gresik. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, Vol. 5, No. 1, Hlm. 182-191

Rochyatun, E. (2003). Kadar logam berat dalam air laut dan sedimen di Perairan Gugus Pulau Pari. In: Ruyitno dkk. (Ed.). Pesisir dan Pantai Indonesia VIII: 99-104. Jakarta: P2O-LIPI.

Rochyatun, E., Lestari. & Rozak, A. (2004). Kondisi perairan Muara Sungai Digul dan Perairan Laut Arafura dilihat dari kandungan logam berat. Oseanologi dan Limnologi di Indonesia. 36: 15-31.

Rochyatun, E., Edward. & Rozak, A. (2003). Kandungan logam berat Pb, Cd, Cu, Zn, Ni, Cr, Mn & Fe dalam air laut dan sedimen di perairan Kalimantan Timur. Oseanologi dan Limnologi di Indonesia 35: 51-71.

Rochyatun, E., Lestari. & Rozak, A. (2005). Kualitas lingkungan perairan Banten dan sekitarnya ditinjau dari kondisi logam berat. Oseanologi dan Limnologi di Indonesia. 38: 23-46.

Rochyatun, E., Kaisupy, M.T. & Rozak, A. (2006). Distribusi logam berat dalam air dan sedimen di perairan muara Sungai Cisadane. Makara Sains. 10 (1): 35-40.

Takarina, N.D. (2010).Geochemical fractionation of toxic trace heavy metals (Cr, Cu, Pb,and Zn) from the estuarine sediments of 5 river mouths at Jakarta Bay, Indonesia. J. Coast. Dev. 13: 26–36

Taylor, S.R. (1964). Abundance of chemical elements in the continental crust: a new table. Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta, 28(8):1273-1285.

Sow, A.I., Ismail, A. & Zulkifli, S.Z. (2012). Copper and zinc speciation in soils from paddy cultivation areas in Kelantan, Malaysia. Acta Biologica Malaysiana, 1, 26-35

Stanchevai, M., Makedonski, L. & Petrova, E., (2013). Determination of heavy metals (Pb, Cd, As and Hg) in Black Sea Grey Mullet (MugilCephalus), Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 19.

Williams, T.M., Rees, J.G., & Setiapermana, D. (2000). Metals and trace organic compounds in sediments and waters of Jakarta Bay and the Pulau Seribu complex, Indonesia. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 40: 277–285

Zulkifli S.Z., Mohamat-Yusuff, F., Ismail, A. & Miyazaki, N. (2012). Food preference of the giant mudskipper Periophthalmodon schlosseri (Teleostei: Gobiidae). Knowledge and Management of Aquatic Ecosystems 405: art. no.07. (doi: 10.1051/ kmae/2012013).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15578/segara.v14i2.6643

Copyright (c) 2018 JURNAL SEGARA


Index By

google scholar google scholar google scholargoogle scholargoogle scholargoogle scholargoogle scholar

View My Stats