R. Bambang Adhitya Nugraha, Erwandi Erwandi, Hendry Syahputra, La Ode Nurman Mbay


Recently, the interest in renewable ocean energy has been
growing rapidly among the ocean researchers in Indonesia. In
this paper, the pattern of tidal current in Madura Strait was analyzed and it is used as First
we present the general information of the structure of
Suramadu Bridge and explain the purpose of installing tidal current turbine between its piers. Second, we develop the numerical model of Madura Strait. The bottom topography of Madura Strait is digitized from bathymetry map produced by Indonesian Navy. A nested hydrodynamic model has been developed to refine the specific area of interest around the piles of the Suramadu Bridge. MIKE-21 program is then employed to simulate the tidal current that passes between the piles of the bridge. Next, we validate the model by conducting the field measurement of the speed of tidal current between pile no. 56 and pile no. 57. We deployed ADCP and measured the current speed for 15 days. The obtained data is then compared with the numerical model. The results show that the simulated currents has similar pattern with the measured data. We also discuss the characteristics of the simulated tidal current comparing with the ADCP results. Finally we estimate the possible produced power produced from the kinetic energy of the predicted tidal current of hydrodynamic.


Suramadu Bridge, Tidal energy, MIKE 21, Vertical axis twin turbine

Full Text:



Browne, J., K. Buruchian, K., D. Deyer, D., T. Ducharme, T., K.Dutile, K and & M. Pelletier, M. 2009. Tidal Power Generation: infrastructure. Report. University of New Hampshire. College of Engineering and Physical Sciences. TECH 797: Ocean Project.

DHI. 2012. MIKE 21 Flow Model: Hydrodynamic Module User Guide. DHI Water and Environment.

Firdaus, A.M., T. Kusumastanto, T dan & I.W Jaya. I.W. 2015. Analisis Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pengembangan Energi Arus Laut di Selat Madura, Provinsi Jawa Timur. Warta KIML. Vol. 13 No 1. Hal. 65-76.

Jennerjahn, T.C, Ingo Jänena, I, Claudia Proppa, C, Seno Adib, S, Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, S.P. 2013. Environmental impact of mud volcano inputs on the anthropogenically altered Porong River and Madura Strait coastal waters, Java, Indonesia. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. Volume 130, 20 September 2013, Pages 152–160. doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2013.04.007

Koropitan, A. 2007. Transport of Mud Volcano-Sidoarjo (Lusi) in Madura Strait: A Numerical Modeling Experiment. ISSN: 1346-8901. ResearchGate. Retrieved on 23 January 2016.

Kyozuka, Y. 2008. Tidal Current Power Generation Making Use of a Pier of the Ikitsuki Bridge. In Proc. Of Civil Engineering in the Ocean

Kyozuk, Y and T. Gunji, T. 2005. Tidal Current Power Generation by Making use of A Bridges Pier. In Proc. Of 2nd Joint Japan/Korea Workshop on Marine Environmental Engineering.

Kyozuka, Y. and K. Ogawa, K. 2006. Tidal Current Power Generation Making Use of a Bridge Pier. Kyushu University. Oceans 2006-Asia Pacific. IEEExplore. ISBN 978-1-4244-0138-3.

Lim, Hs., Jh. Yi., J., Cs. Kim, C and Wd. Baek, W. 2016. Tidal Current Speed Analysis Near Offshore Bridges through Field Observation and Numerical Simulation. Proc. Of 3rd the Asian Wave and Tidal Energy Conference (AWTEC 2016). ISBN: 978-981-11-0782-5. doi: 10.3850/978-981-11-0782-5_119.

Vennetti, Daniel. 2012. Wave and Tidal Energy Technology Survey for Ferry Free E39 Project. NPRA Report:Norwegian Public Roads Administration. SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden. ISSN 0284-5172.

Wosnik, M., R. Despins, R and R. Swift, R. 2009. Tidal Energy Test Site at UNH-CORE. 1st Annual MREC Technical Conference.